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Ryedale Natural History Society: Fungi

I am hoping to develop the Fungi part of the website with the help of our Recorder Rhona Sutherland, but at present we do not have many pages or lists of Ryedale fungi. I have some photos but as I am not an expert on fungi the identifications are provisional.

Bracket fungus growing on dead wood, probably Willow

Bracket fungus Bracket fungus
This bracket fungus was photographed in woodland on 12th March 2000. The upper bracket was about 10cm (4") across. To view larger versions of the pictures (35K and 21K respectively) click on the thumbnails.

Bracket fungus growing on an ornamental Prunus
Autumn 1999

Bracket fungus Bracket fungus
Bracket fungus (underside)
Bracket fungus (detail)
Detail (top)

Amanita sp. growing in grass under sweet chestnut trees
Autumn 1999

Amanita Amanita Amanita

Various woodland fungi (October 11th 1999)

Yellow Russula

Yellow ? Russula sp.
Fly agaric
Fly Agaric under Birch: the archetypal toadstool, much commoner in some years than others.
Helvella crispa

? Helvella crispa under Birch
Birch Bolete
Birch Bolete: one of the Boletus family with a sponge-like underside rather than normal gills
Birch Bracket
Birch Bracket: very common on old, dead and dying birches
Fly Agaric
Fly Agaric
(24th October)

Woodland Fungi October 8th 2000

Purple fungus
A small purple fungus growing under beech, probably the Amethyst Deceiver Laccaria amethystea.
White fungus

White fungi, part of a ring about 3' across, growing under beech.
A puffball, one of a group growing at the bottom of a fallen dead tree trunk, probably beech.


Inkcaps (Caprinus comatus) are a common sight. These toadstools, also known as Lawyers Wig, appear in grassland, trackside edges etc. and develop very rapidly. At first the toadstool has a tightly closed cap and whitish gills, but then the cap opens from the bottom, with the edges curling back to reveal the gills. At this stage the spores develop fully, and the gills disintegrate to release them as a black, sticky liquid.

Group of inkcaps
Group of inkcaps, showing various stages in the development, from the tightly closed caps at the right through the “lawyer’s wig” stage (far left) to the fully mature toadstool with dripping spores (second left).

Young Inkcap
Detail of a young inkcap with the cap just beginning to open.

A slightly older specimen showing how the spores drip out as the gills disintegrate from the bottom, revealing more of the stalk.
Older Inkcaps
A group of three mature specimens, showing how the cap curls back and eventually almost completely disintegrates; black streaks of spores can be seen on the exposed stalks.

Fly Agaric and Giant Puffball Autumn 2002

Fly agaric Young Fly Agaric Giant puffball

Giant puffball 11" across

Fungi seen at Rudland October 2003

Fly agaric
Fly Agaric
Dryad's saddle

Dryad’s saddle polypore
Lactarius torminosus

Lactarius torminosus

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All photos on this page © Gill & Adrian Smith except
Fly agaric and Giant puffball 2002 © Tom Denney & Don Smith
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